Born in 1929 in Buenos Aires, Horacio Garcia Rossi completed his artistic training at the National School of Fine Arts in his native city. He left Argentina in 1959 and settled in Paris. Barely a year later, he founded the Groupe de Recherche d’Art Visuel (GRAV) with Julio Le Parc, François Morellet, Francisco Sobrino, Joël Stein and Yvaral. This group brings together eleven artists who have taken Victor Vasarely’s advances and his concepts of visual perception as their starting point. Active until 1960, this collective of artists used techniques from kinetic art and Op art, using light and movement, to create collective experiences called “Labyrinths”.
Throughout his individual career, Horacio Garcia Rossi has become increasingly interested in the analysis of visual phenomena. As a logical continuation of his activity within the GRAV, he integrates mechanical movements and light into his work. Sensitive to the participation of the spectator, he creates works that can be manipulated: his “rotating cylinders”. This structure with changing light, entitled Pénombre, bears witness to an essential aspect of the artist’s research. Interested in the notion of instability, he creates these “unstable” boxes and structures. They can be modified by manipulating colours and patterns, but also by changing light.
Horacio Garcia Rossi died in Paris at the age of 83. Throughout his career he exhibited in numerous galleries throughout the world, notably in Argentina, Spain, Italy, Switzerland and France. His work is represented at the Museo Nacional de Bellas Artes in Buenos Aires, the Musée d’Art Moderne de la Ville de Paris, the Hermitage Museum in Saint Petersburg, the Fine Museum in Houston and the Museum of Taiwan among others.